Wednesday, 16 November 2005

See number of CPUs in a SUN Solaris box

In a sun solaris box to see the number of CPUS in the box type the following at the prompt.

$/usr/platform/sun4u/sbin/prtdiag -v | more

Thursday, 10 November 2005

Remove ^M from end of each line in Vi

Sometimes you might want to remove a character like '^M' from the end of each line in a vi file. This '^M' character is usually intrduced in the file if you transfer the txt or csv file from a windows environment to unix. It is the extra carriage return introduce in the end of line.

The command to do that is like this in Vi:


but to get the ^M you must press ctrl+v, then ctrl+m on your keyboard when at the vi prompt... it is one of those things

Delete any blank lines in VI

The substitution command in vi to delete any blank lines in Vi editor open the file and type the command below at the VI command prompt.


Convert the entire file's case in VI

Using Vi editor you can convert the entire file to (U) uppercase or
(L) lowercase with the following command.

open the file in Vi and at Vi's command propmt type:


Use unix 'sed' to re-format csv files

Suppose you have a csv file which contains text like this


and you want to convert it to a CSV file so that you can use it in SQL,
something like this:


You can use a sed on unix to do it like this.

$ sed -e "/^$/d" -e "s/^/\'/" -e "s/$/\',/" textfile.txt > newfile.txt